Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) for Adolescents and Young Adults is a clinical program within the Heartwood Program that targets high-risk, multi-problem adolescents. We specialize in identifying and treating depression and risky behavior in adolescents, including self-injury, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, substance use, binging and purging, risky sexual behavior, physical fighting, and other forms of risk-taking.
Marsha Linehan’s initial conceptualization of DBT was developed for adults diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. Our adaptation follows the work of Alec Miller and Jill Rathus, who originally modified DBT for use with adolescents and young adults. Our program targets five areas:
- Confusion about self
- Emotional instability
- Interpersonal problems
- Parent-teen problems
The treatment has been shown to be effective in treating self-harming adolescents with depression who demonstrate some traits of borderline personality disorder that are beyond that expected of typical adolescent development.
Depression in adolescence is characterized by depressed or irritable mood, changes in appetite and sleep, withdrawal from and loss of interest in usual activities and friends, feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness, agitation and/or fatigue, difficulty concentrating, difficulty making decisions, and suicidal ideation.
Some traits of borderline personality disorder that may be of concern to teens and parents include: an unstable sense of self, unstable interpersonal relationships, inappropriate or uncontrollable anger or other emotions, serious mood swings, recurrent self-harm or and/or suicide attempts, chronic feelings of emptiness, and impulsivity that puts the teen at risk.
Teens referred to the DBT Program typically have many or all of the problems listed above, which can lead to difficulties fulfilling their obligations in school and at home. This perpetuates their negative ideas about themselves.
The DBT Program is a comprehensive outpatient service intended to reduce self-harming and other dangerous behavior. It consists of four components:
- Weekly multifamily skills group (2 hours per week, 26 weeks) Teens learn skills to help them cope with the five problem areas identified above, which aims to aid clients in decreasing their target behavior (e.g., cutting, purging, other self-destructive behaviors)
- Weekly individual therapy– Teens work with an individual therapist in conjunction with their participation in skills group. The purpose of weekly individual DBT therapy is to learn to generalize the skills teens are learning in the skills group and to gain greater insight into the cognitions and vulnerabilities which contribute to their problem behaviors.
- Family therapy – Individual therapists may schedule collateral family sessions as needed. Parents and/or caretakers are asked to participate in the weekly skills group during the second hour of the group. *Day and time of the skills group will be provided prior to an intake screening appointment*
- Emergency phone coaching – Teens in the DBT program are provided the opportunity for phone coaching. Teens are encouraged to contact their therapist for skills coaching before engaging in their target problem behavior. Parents will also learn many of the same skills their teen is learning, as well as other skills, to help improve family functioning in conjunction with the phone coaching.
Our DBT Program is in-network with all Blue Cross Blue Shield products (i.e. Carefirst, FEP, Anthem, etc) and we have successfully negotiated single case agreements with most other major insurance carriers.
Have questions or to request an intake: Fill out our Service Requests Form or call us at (301) 970-4099.